The plantar fascia is a fibrous tissue that provides support for the arch of the foot and acts as a shock absorber for the foot. It inserts into the heel bone (calcaneus) and runs along the length of the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is an overuse condition of the plantar fascia near its insertion at the calcaneus.
This type of foot injury causes pain at the bottom of the heel and is mostly felt after waking in the morning but as it worsens the heel becomes painful during any weight bearing activity such as walking.
Plantar fasciitis is experienced by walkers and those who are on their feet a lot. Women, the obese, those who overpronate or have very high arches, and the elderly may also experience this type of foot pain.
Rest and ice are very useful in relieving pain caused by plantar fasciitis.
Rehabilitation with a physiotherapist is necessary to reduce pain and provide stretching exercises to strengthen the calf muscles and the intrinsic muscles of the foot. Your physiotherapist may also recommend orthotics or taping to take pressure off the plantar fascia.